How to make a picture using a pin hole camera.

Making a picture is really simple using a pin hole camera, you need to make sure that you place your paper into your pin hole camera securely using either a small piece of gaffa tape or blu tack. Once it is in place you then need to tape all the way around your box using gaffa tape to make sure that light cannot get into the box. When you place your paper into the box you need to make sure that you do this in the darkroom as if you did this in a normal room your photographic paper would then be ruined as light would have been exposed to it. After, your box has been taped up and light proof, you then need to decide what you want to take a picture of and where you are going to take it. This is very important as you need to know how long to expose pin hole camera for depending on how much sunlight there is. For example, if it’s a sunny day and you are going to take a picture outside you need to expose it for only a short amount of time around 20-30 seconds this is because your pin hole camera is in direct sunlight and if it is left for any longer your image will be over exposed causing the detail to be lost. However, if you are taking a picture on a cloudy day inside then you need to expose it for a lot longer as there is not as much sunlight. Here are the approximate times that you should expose your camera too in certain conditions.

For a very bright light (direct sunlight) less than a minute 20-40 seconds

For a bright light (sunny day) 1 – 1 ½ mins

For a dull light  (cloudy day) 3 – 5 mins

For a very dull light (cloudy day inside) more than 5 – 10 mins

When you have your pin hole camera in place you then need to peel back your gaffa tape that is covering your pin hole and expose your photographic paper to the light. Make sure that you time your exposure and once the time is up then place the gaffa tape back over the pin hole. You then need to develop your pin hole picture in the darkroom the same as when you develop a photogram using the developer, stop and fix trays.