Typology is the organ of propaganda

Photography offered clarity, reality and order to the people in the 1920’s.

Karl Blossfeldt photographed plant forms in a very interesting way, it was a desire to document.

Typology is subjectivity

Donovan Wylie when photographing has to focus at the exact eye level, straight on in the same style very ‘systematic’

Typology – ‘facts and nothing else’

Water towers Bernd and Hilla Becher, photographed in the same way but very different images, very same pattern and flat natural lighting no sunshine just overcast to give all the photos the same tone if the sky. This is described us ‘clearer without emotion’.

August Sander

Sander was described as ‘The Face of the Times’  and that he was an obsessive collector, his work focused on differences between every body human typology for example – Farmers, Young Farmers, Farmers Children and Wife, Working Life, Head Farmer etc. His work was described as having  ‘an oddball quirkness’

Modernism – The Machine Age Post World War One described as the chaotic journey of the 1920’s there were many issues in this time for example major unemployment and political violence in the streets.

Typology photography is classed as RECORDING NOT THINKING.

The Russian Revolution 1917

Leica cameras came out and were described as ‘revolutionary’

Rodchenko wasn’t a ‘belly button’ stereotypical photographer he experimented with angles for to create unique images.

Photography changed at this point as people would actually be taking the photos, using their ‘creative eye’. Freedom to view/shoot differently in the new age.

The modernist – A new future

Eugene Atget

‘documents for artists’ this enabled photographers to make more personal documents

Atget’s work was described as ‘not ordinary’ and that he was a ‘poet’ with the composition of photographers.

This modern new age then led to Surrealism Photography in the late 1920’s

Man Ray

Ray’s work was described as ‘perfect for the moment’ and ‘robotic’  experimenting with light creating photograms and then solarization to give a metal look to people almost viewing them as ‘super power’

Dust Breeding

Walker Evans

Evans created the perfect portrait

Evans was described as ‘the master of composition going to make life better for everyone’

Documentary = TRUTH?

Documentary = a style of photography?

Documentary = apparent truth?

The new age was then corrupted by politics it was a fragile paradise. Utophia.


School is a type of Style/Genre

The German School style of photography was ‘Snap Shot/Diary’  – Documentary

Juergen Teller – PJ Harvey Yeovil England 1995


Kristen McMenamy 1996


Lee Friedlander


Josef Koudelka


Danny Lyon

Helmut Newton




Wolfgang Tillsman


Typology –  Study of different types

Andreas Gursky


What is a photograph?

  • A thousand stories
  • A memory
  • A record
  • Recreates a memory
  • A piece of art
  • Triggers a time, place or person
  • A document

‘An ever changing interpretation of the relationship between light, time and individual thought or perception’ – Gursky

This is a list of photographer’s that we brain stormed together as a class who we remembered from our previous contextual studies last year. We did this as it very helpful to familiarise ourselves with their work and also use them as artist research and inspiration in our future assignments.


David Bailey



Nan Goldin

Corrine Day

Robert Frank


Eve Arnold

Wendy Ewald

Sally Mann

Don McCullian

Diana Celebrity

Marino Testino

Albert Watson

Emma Hardy

Jo Spence

Cindy Sherman

John Coplans

Mann Ray

Jenny Saville

Joel Peter Witkin

Martin Parr

Sue Fox

Tony Ray Jones

Henri Cartier Bresson

Gary Winogrand

Chris Killip

Rut Blees Luxemburg



  1. In the dark or changing bag load film into double dark slides
  2. Fix the camera body to the tripod
  3. Do not attempt to continue without the camera being on the tripod
  4. Open up the camera so the lens hole is at the front
  5. None of the nuts on the camera need to be completely undone
  6. Ensure the front and rear of the camera are in line and are level
  7. Check the red dots are lined up (N.A. of the Sinar)
  8. Ensure bellows are attached at the front and rear of the camera
  9. Attach the lens and open the aperture
  10. Move the lens so that it is approximately in focus
  11. Use the dark cloth and the louper to fine focus the camera
  12. Take light reading with light meter
  13. Set shutter speed and aperture on the camera
  14. Attach cable release
  15. Close the aperture
  16. Do not continue if the aperture is still open
  17. Load film back into the camera or load polaroid back
  18. Pull out dark slide and turn over, then push back in 1cm
  19. Press cable release to capture an image
  20. Push dark slide back into holder and remove from camera
  21. Return to college process the film and print


I loved this photo the moment I saw it in Albert Watson’s photography book, I am going to recreate this photo with my own twist using my mum as a model and our retro beetle.

Random collection of my recent photographs


One of my favourite photos